Saturday, May 23, 2020

medical law project Essay example - 1042 Words

Unit 8 Project Questions: Part I 1. Under HIPAA, are you legally allowed to view this patient’s medical information? Why or why not? Under HIPAA you are not legally allowed to view a patients medical information unless you have written consent, but because he just had outpatient surgery and signed a HIPAA release of information form so you are able to view his information. 2. In this case, how would you be able to correct your error and provide the missing documents to the patient while still protecting patient confidentiality under HIPAA? I would contact the patient by phone, mail or email. What ever way he wanted to be contacted in his file that’s how I would contact the patient. I would ask him if he wanted to†¦show more content†¦Ideally, a glass enclosure should be present at the front desk in all waiting rooms to separate the receptionist from the patients and provide an additional aid for patient confidentiality. The sign-in sheet or patient register should be designed so those patients who are signing in or registering cannot view other patients’ names. 6. A breach of confidentiality can result in what consequences for a health care professional? The penalties for violating HIPAA range from civil penalties of up to $100 per person per incident for minor improper disclosures of health information, and up to $25,000 for multiple violations of the same standard in a calendar year. Federal criminal liability for improper disclosure of information or for obtaining information under false pretenses carries sanctions (fines) of $50,000 and one year in prison. The liability for obtaining protected health information under false pretenses with the intent to sell, transfer, or use the information for personal gain or for a malicious action, such as Medicare fraud, carries penalties of $250,000 and/or up to ten years in prison. Severe penalties are in effect if lax security allows health information to be stolen. There is also a risk of a class action suit as well as public relations damage to the institution’s or physician’s ima ge. 7. From the list ofShow MoreRelatedEssay on Medical Law and Bioethics Unit 4 Project675 Words   |  3 Pagesduring a terminal illness. (Medical Law and Ethics, 2008, pp. 102) An advance directive is a very important part of life once you have been diagnosed with a terminal illness, or even if you are getting older and doubt the degree to which you will be taken care of. Three types of advance directives are living wills, a durable power of attorney, and a do not resuscitate (DNR). A Living will is a document that you draft before becoming too incompetent to make your own medical decisions. A Durable powerRead MoreEuthanasia Is Morally Wrong? Essay1626 Words   |  7 Pagesspecifically how euthanasia is morally wrong. The first article, by Claire Chretien of Life Site News (2016), talks about a new documentary that was recently released that details the true horrors and deceptions of euthanasia; specifically, the Belgium laws where it has been legal to perform euthanasia and physician assisted suicide for about 15 years. This article’s main points are that, according to the documentary, euthanasia is â€Å"’falsely promoted as compassion and mercy,’ when really ‘it’s about endingRead MoreThe Marijuana Policy Project Or Mpp For Short Essay877 Words   |  4 PagesThe Marijuana Policy Project or MPP for short is a special interest group that is solely concerned with the legalization, decriminalization, and regulations of marijuana. Before Marijuana Policy Project was created by Rob Kampia, Chuck Thomas, and Mike Kirshner, they worked for another organization called National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws or NORML for short. The cofounders had trouble with NORML, constantly bickering with their superiors over how they could be more proactiveRead MoreHs101 Unit 8 Project: Confidentiality and Scope of Practice Essay790 Words   |  4 PagesYour project this week deals with confidentiality and scope of practice issues. You’ll also deal with correcting an error made in regards to patient care. You will be evaluated on each project on the accuracy of your responses, the completeness of your responses, your ability to think critically about each situation and your overall writing ability. Your responses to the questions below should be constructed in complete sentences usin g proper grammar, spelling and punctuation. Your project shouldRead MoreUnit 4 Project Advance Directives936 Words   |  4 PagesIn your project this week, you will explore advanced directives, torts and your role in healthcare while respecting patient’s rights. You will be evaluated on each project on the accuracy of your responses, the completeness of your responses, your ability to think critically about each situation and your overall writing ability. Your responses to the questions below should be constructed in complete sentences using proper grammar, spelling and punctuation. In addition to the grading standards foundRead MoreProject Bioshield And Keeping America Safe1172 Words   |  5 PagesProject Bioshield and Keeping America Safe Now in this day and age biological threats and warfare are at an risk of all time high and the Project Bioshield Act will protect the United States of America from these threats. On July, 10, 2010, the House of Representatives created a bill that would withdraw two billion dollars from Project Bioshield to pay for a boost in development for other federal programs. Even though the money was not cut from Project Bioshield it showed us that the project isRead MoreThe Fdas Global Unique Device Identification Analysis782 Words   |  4 Pagesdatabase to enhance the identification of medical devices from point of manufacture through delivery to the end user. This guideline covers medical devices Classes I, II, and III (FDA 2014), where Class I poses the lowest risk to patient and Class III carries the highest risk. When fully implemented, the label for the majority of medical devices will contain a unique device identifier (UDI) in a human and machine-readable (barcode) form (FDA 2017) . Medical device companies operating under FDA guidelinesRead MoreMy Decision For Pursue Medicine Essay989 Words   |  4 Pagesdegree in Honours Biological Sciences. Graduated with distinction. Applied to medical schools and received my acceptance. My academic and professional career planned at the ripe age of fourteen. As the years progressed, my passion and interest in medicine waned. I was left feeling deeply unfulfilled. The career I was pursuing had ceased to be reflective of my interests. I struggled to procure the enthusiasm to apply to medical school, putting it off until I was in my final semester of university. EveryRead MoreProcess Improvement Project1702 Words   |  7 PagesProcess Improvement Project Quality improvement in the bedside reporting compliance 1. Introduction The modern day health care system is currently faced with a wide array of challenges, such as the aging of the population and the intensified need for medical care, the rapidly evolving technologies and the increasing costs of the medical act. The solutions to these problems are often expected from outside the medical field, but the quality and efficiency of the medical act can also be improvedRead MoreThe Supremacy Clause : Conflict Between Federal And State Law1656 Words   |  7 PagesFederal and State Law as it relates to Medical Marijuana The American Constitution provides for a division of government powers between the federal and state governments, as well as provides solutions in an event of conflict between these two governments. The Supremacy Clause is derived through Constitutional Law and determines that the Constitution, Federal statutes, and United States treaties contain the â€Å"supreme law of the land†, creating the framework for the highest areas of law within the American

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Fully Explain How Advertising Can Affect Profits in...

This essay is going to examine how advertising strategies used in different market structures affects profits of the firms. This essay is being written based on Advertising, an article by Geoff Stewart, in which he examines â€Å"how do firms determine their advertising strategy†. In this article he uses Monopolies as an example of a non-competitive market and Oligopolies as an example of competitive markets, so in this essay Monopolies and Oligopolies will also be used as examples. However other competitive markets include perfect competition and monopolistic competition. A Monopoly is a market structure characterised by one firm and many buyers, a lack of substitute products and barriers to entry (Pass et al. 2000). An oligopoly is a†¦show more content†¦To help explain how profits are made through advertising in a competitive market Stewart uses game theory. Game theory is a technique that uses logical deduction to explore the consequences of various strategies that might be adopted by competing game players (Collins, 2000). Table 1 (Stewart, 2005) is a simple view of two firms that have to choice of advertising or not advertising, if both firms were to advertise there profit would be 1, if one to was to advertise and the other didn’t then the firm who is advertising will get a profit of 3 and the one not advertising will get 0, if they both don’t advertise then they will both make a profit of 2. It is in the interest of the firms to advertise however because there is the possibility of them making more profits than not adv ertising. The choice to advertise is the firms dominant strategy and firms will always go for their dominant strategy. Table 2 (Stewart, 2005) is used to describe how advertising in a market may increase demand in the market rather than market share. It is still in the firms’ interest to carry out their dominant strategy in this case however it also maximises joint profit in this case. This shows that in a strategic setting, firms profit maximising actions may, but will not necessarily generate profit maximising outcomes (Stewart, 2005). In conclusion it can be seen that advertising in a monopoly is an effective way to increase profits. ThisShow MoreRelatedMarketing in Hospitality by Quynh Anh3216 Words   |  13 PagesService Industry Context 1.1define and Explain the Concept of Marketing A concept is the general scheme or formation of something and marketing is the way in which a produce is moved by means of a channel to reach its target audience. Marketing idea is the attitude which encourages firms to center on their consumers’ desires. This is by examining their wants and making efficient choices that suit those requirements in an enhanced way than the competition. An advertising concept holds the belief that high-qualityRead MoreWhich of the Cournot and Bertrand Models of Oligopoly More Realistically Reflect Firm Behaviour?2626 Words   |  11 Pagesoligopolies have several models to try to explain how they react, examples of these are the kinked demand curve, Bertrand and Cournot models. A non competitive oligopoly is ‘a market where a small number of firms act independently but are aware of each others actions’ (Oligopoly, Online). In perfect competition no single firm can affect price or quantity this is due to intense competition and the relative small size of the firms, on the other hand there is a monopoly market where there is little or no rivalryRead MoreAdvertising and Promotion - Hnd Essay5099 Words   |  21 PagesTask 1a. Explain the structure, roll and relationship between parties in the communication industry. Communication industry is a collection of firms that attempt to inform, persuade and remind consumers about the products and services of various organisations. It is the voice of the company brands to make relationships with customers by having a feedback from them. In a communication process feedback is as much as important as the message. In this process of communication there are differentRead MoreMarketing and Product Essay12745 Words   |  51 PagesDirected Study in Marketing Chapter 1 Marketing’s Value to Consumers, Firms, and Society Questions and Problems 1. List your activities for the first two hours after you woke up this morning. Briefly indicate how marketing affected your activities. a. Awakened by alarm clock. Clock bought because of brand name loyalty: Seiko b. Had coffee. Brand name loyalty and preferred taste: Folgers c. Walked and fed dog. Purchased Purina Dog chow due to advertisements. d. Made breakfastRead MoreKitkat Case Study2808 Words   |  12 Pagesit has consistently been one of the best selling chocolate bars on the market and has acquired an instantly recognisable brand name and identity. In 1997, British sales of Kit Kat amounted to some  £227 million, which made it easily the most popular confectionery product on the market. Forty four Kit Kats are consumed every second in the UK! The UK confectionery market is worth over  £5 billion per annum and is highly competitive. It continues to be dominated by large, wellestablished names - highlightingRead MoreN07/3/Busmt/Hp2/Eng/Tz0/Xx/M+ Markscheme November 20077340 Words   |  30 PagesIBCA. –3– N07/3/BUSMT/HP2/ENG/TZ0/XX/M+ 1. (a) Construct a fully labelled decision tree. (Show all working) The economy Improved 20 % 1. Buy new players ($ 2 m) Unchanged 50 % Worsened 30 % Improved 20 % 2. Build a stadium 0.4 0.9 ($ 3 m) Unchanged 50 % Worsened 30 % Improved 20 % 3. Renovate the stadium ($ 1 m) Key A decision node A probability node Discounted option [5 to 6 marks] The decision tree is accurately constructed and fully labelled. All calculations are correct with one minor errorRead MoreOrganizational Culture and Environment5941 Words   |  24 Pages(which was launched on 4th December 2007) which attracted more customers. o It is affordable by the common man (not only the elite class). o Ufone was the first cellular Company in Pakistan that introduced the service of GPRS and hence took the competitive advantage. o Ufone has some exciting and energetic SMS packages that made SMS almost free. They are offering Rs. 25, Rs.50, Rs.100, Rs. 150 SMS packages which its subscribers are in love with. o Ufone has some very exciting and low call packagesRead MorePepsico17225 Words   |  69 PagesPolices ,Values amp;Statements | 10 | VII. Social Responsibility | 13 | VIII. Financial Analysis | 15 | i. Liquidity Ratios | 15 | ii. Activity Ratios | 16 | iii. Debt Ratios | 19 | iv. Profitability Ratios | 20 | v. Market Ratios | 23 | Phase Two | | I. General Environment (PEST Analysis) | 24 | II. Porters model (PM) | 28 | III. Strategic groups (SG) | 30 | IV. Competitors profile matrix (CPM) | 32 | V. External factor evaluation (EFE) |Read MoreSupply and Demand and Study Guide20292 Words   |  82 PagesAustralia was not involved in its production. CONTENTS Contents 3 Introduction 5 An introduction to the economic perspective 13 Demand and supply 17 Elasticity 21 Market applications 25 The behaviour of firms and costs 31 Perfect competition 37 Monopoly 43 Monopolistic competition 47 Oligopoly 51 Economic performance, market failure and government intervention 55 Appendix: Guide to working successfully through the unit 63 INTRODUCTION Welcome to Microeconomics 1. In this unit of studyRead MoreManagerial Economics Essay8301 Words   |  34 Pages12th July 2013 PROBLEM SET #1 1. Complete the following table and answer the accompanying questions. a. At what level of the control variable are net benefits maximized? Net Benefit is also profit. The formula for this is MB = MC. As seen in the table completed above, after applying the formula then net benefit is maximized where Q = 106. b. What is the relation between marginal benefit and marginal cost at this level of the control variable

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Major Appliance Business Group Free Essays

The technique of segment markets and targets of particular groups are a technique aimed to choose a certain class of customers, and It focus on study and find the dimensions of the products that could be played by Increasing marketing. It’s important for the company to segmenting the market demands. This means that they need to focus on categorizing certain categories, so that it is possible for each category product to be similar to another one. We will write a custom essay sample on Major Appliance Business Group or any similar topic only for you Order Now By doing this technique, the company s selling the same product to match all the needs of the customers. The other goal is to reach and get the largest possible area of the customers by identifying the category or market sector, which has a purchasing power that leads to increase the value of marketing. That market segmentation helps in proper planning to pack the right marketing of the product. It also makes us extend our product at the same time to meet the needs of consumers, which Is very Important In the creation of the product. For example if the target category is for the people who are older than 70 years or younger than 20 years old, then we have to take into consideration that there is a limited income of the teenage and the elderly. Market segmentation helps to reduce the risk in determining where, when, how, and who will be marketing the product, service, or brand. It also increases the efficiency of direct marketing through special efforts towards a particular sector in a manner insistent with the characteristics of that part. Segmenting markets Is the simplest and the most Important technique for matching supply and demand. Steven Major Appliance Business Group By gerrymander aimed to choose a certain class of customers, and it focus on study and find the dimensions of the products that could be played by increasing marketing. Of consumers, which is very important in the creation of the product. Segmenting markets is the simplest and the most important technique for matching How to cite Major Appliance Business Group, Papers

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Strategy Sustainability Business Manifesto

Question: Discuss about the Strategy Sustainability for Business Manifesto. Answer: Introduction The study focuses on the sustainability issues of the planet earth. However, on analyzing the video of sustainability, it can be said that the biosphere is degrading day by day. Pollution and globalization are the causes of degradation in the atmosphere. Woolworths is chosen in order to describe five opportunities and five threats related to the sustainability. Woolworths is focused on sustainable measures of waste management in the process of manufacturing in order to reduce the rate of pollution. The packaging system of many of its products in the company use eco-friendly and biodegradable items such as jute or paper in order to pack their products to reduce pollution. Many of the manufacturing facilities and retail outlets of Woolworths are using renewable source of energy for running their machineries and other stuffs within the store. Sustainable measures are formulated while reducing the carbon footprint of the company so that it can contribute fewer pollutants to the atmosphere. Improved technologies are used in order to recycle the amount of wastage emitted by the company in order to increase the profitability of the company (Cullen, 2016). Five threats of sustainability in Woolworths: Change of climate is the cause of the lesser production of the manufacturing facilities of the different branches of Woolworths. The increase of business operations of Woolworths is a cause of deforestation to the atmosphere. The elimination of the different wastages from the company will be a reason for polluting the air and water. The water pollution in the oceans and rivers causes death of many sea animals that affects the food chain of the ecosystem. The elimination of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide excessively leads to depletion of ozone layer that causes entrance of UV rays to the atmosphere (Werbach, 2013). References Cullen, J. G. (2016). Educating Business Students About Sustainability: A Bibliometric Review of Current Trends and Research Needs.Journal of Business Ethics, 1-11. Werbach, A. (2013).Strategy for sustainability: A business manifesto. Harvard Business Press.

Sunday, March 22, 2020

Redditors on Writing The Takeaways

It is nearly impossible for a writer to exist in a vacuum. We all need the support, encouragement and especially the advice of other writers. It doesn’t matter if you are seeking tips on how to write an essay for college, ways to improve your sales copy, or insight for developing characters in a novel. We all have something to learn from our fellow composers.What Do Redditors Have To Do With It?Perhaps you yourself are a Redditor – an obsessive fan of Reddit.com. If so, you understand the site is a wealth of information and insight. Therefore, it probably isn’t surprising we’ve managed to compose an entire article filled with your witty repartee.If, however, you aren’t a regular at Reddit.com, you are probably questioning our reasoning. After all, it’s sometimes said a Redditor â€Å"possesses an inflated sense of self-importance.†In most situations, the tendency to spout out opinions on nearly everything under the sun is a bit o bnoxious. However, in some instances, it can also be helpful. And fortunately, we’ve found one of those helpful situations!One particular Redditor (GetYourAlbatros) started a conversation that is actually quite helpful. This Redditor posed the question: â€Å"What is your number one tip or trick for better writing?†This extremely popular thread shed light on a very helpful topic. There are plenty of websites, books and even inspirational quotes from the literary masters who supposedly offer tips for writers. While these things are often helpful, the information is sometimes hard to relate to.After all, it’s challenging trying to emulate a famous author who simply needs to churn out a half-hearted attempt at a blog post or book and instantly secures an obsessive fanbase. Following in the footsteps of a starving artist who is still in the trenches, trying to combat writer’s block on a daily basis is easier to relate to.So, let’s hear what the R edditors have to say!â€Å"Don’t be afraid to write shitty. Assume it will always be shitty until the end.†This is perhaps one of the best pieces of advice when it comes to battling the blank page. If you expect sensational material to flow magically from your brain to your computer screen, you’ll never get anywhere.Another Redditor added: â€Å"Get the ideas on the page before you lose them.† Don’t correct spelling errors. Don’t worry about proper punctuation. Don’t stop to research a point. Just write. You can edit later.C. J. Cherryh said, â€Å"It is perfectly ok to write garbage – as long as you edit brilliantly.† Once you have all your thoughts down, go back and edit. And edit again.â€Å"Always start a new sentence or paragraph before you stop writing for the day so that when you come back, you have somewhere to pick up from again†If a single composition spans several writing sessions, it is a fact o f life that most of the time will be spent reviewing what you’ve already written. There is a chance that just as much time can be wasted trying to determine where you’ll go next.Combat both of these issues by leaving yourself a little inspiration. Maybe you jot down the opening sentence to the next paragraph. Maybe you quickly compose all the upcoming subheadings. Maybe you leave yourself a short and direct list of bullet points, outlining where your thoughts are headed.E. L. Doctorow said, â€Å"Writing†¦is like driving a car at night. You can only see as far as your headlights, but you can make the whole trip that way.†Ã¢â‚¬Å"Disconnect from the internet.†For me, as a blogger of the company that provides essay writing service, this is probably one of the most difficult tips to follow – yet it is probably the most helpful. Another Redditor commented, â€Å"My output increased by roughly 300% when I started writing in a cafà © without W iFi.Until it’s gone, you won’t notice how much time you really waste on the internet. Sure, you know the time spent Facebook stalking or Reddit obsessing is pointless, but you won’t know just how many hours you waste until you disconnect.Having the internet in the background is just too tempting. You might jump online quick to research a fact. While you’re there, you check your email. Someone sent you a link to an article. You must read it. Now, you need to log on to all your social media accounts and share it with the masses. While you’re there, you’ll want to catch up on the latest gossip.And what happened to your writing project? What writing project?!Just remove the temptation. Turn the WiFi off. Go somewhere where the internet isn’t available. Heck, use paper and a pen if you must!â€Å"Learn to kill an idea.†For most of us, writing is our passion. We often feel we are bleeding as we type. That’s why it is difficult to edit. No one wants to think a single word is unworthy.But to be successful, you must learn to kill an idea – no matter how attached you are to it. Another Redditor commented, Good ideas usually don’t take long to flesh out. Bad ideas suck hours from my productivity.†Stephen King added, â€Å"When your story is ready for rewrite, cut it to the bone. Get rid of every ounce of excess fat. This is going to hurt; revising a story down to the bare essentials is always a little like murdering children, but it must be done.†Ã¢â‚¬Å"If you have inspiration, do not stop writing until it runs out. This is when your absolute best stuff is going to flow, so letting an arbitrary thing stop you will only impede your progress.†Work schedules are great. They can force you to be productive when you are absolutely certain nothing of worth can flow from your brain.Most writers recommend establishing a writing schedule. Tell yourself you are going to write for a certain length of time at a designated hour each day. If you don’t do this, there is a very good chance you’ll never get around to it.However, writing schedules can be very limiting too – if you let them. When writing is a struggle and thoughts aren’t flowing naturally, having a cut-off time will ensure you don’t give up prematurely.But if the good stuff is flowing, don’t stop! Don’t close up shop just because the clock chimes a certain number of times or because your favorite TV show is about to start.William Faulkner said, â€Å"Get it down. Take chances. It may be bad, but it’s the only way you can do anything really good.† Get it down – no matter what else might be going on around you.Hopefully, you’ve made it this far and the fact we suggest you take advice from Redditors didn’t offend you too much. In a worst case scenario, you can just pretend we got the above tips from a n anonymous source. After all, according to Ernest Hemmingway, â€Å"it’s none of their business that you have to learn to write. Let them think you were born that way.†Now, how about you pass the torch, share the love, follow in the footsteps of others. Share your best writing hacks in the comment section below.

Thursday, March 5, 2020

Free Essays on Scarlet Letter- Romanticism

Romanticism is categorized as â€Å"a preference for simplicity and naturalness, a love of plain feelings and truth to common place reality, especially as found in natural scenes†. Nathaniel Hawthorne was an anti-transcendentalist and believed in the dark side of man, hence his dark romantic novel The Scarlet Letter. This allegorical novel depends heavily on symbol and character. The novel is chock full of symbolic dimension of images, characters, and descriptions. The Scarlet Letter defines the American Romanticist movement while using symbolic characters and places that give the book seemingly two different stories. The first story denotes the story going on in the book, including the characters. The other story has symbols that speak on morals, religious doctrine, and public mindset. Furthermore the novel can be defined as a romantic novel by analyzing the characters Hester, Pearl, and Dimmesdale for their overall purpose to the story and the symbolism. An important concept of romanticism includes a close connection to the earth and natural scenes. A large occurrence of this comes in the first chapter of the book. The chapter mentions a rose bush outside of the prison. The novel then goes on to outline the rosebush as a beautiful thing that rises out of a bad place. The rosebush symbolizes a beauty that can not be taken away, the human spirit, like that of Hawthorne himself and also of Hester. In addition the prison represents Puritan society, with all of its strict social and moral rules of conduct, and the rose bush symbolizes the individual, standing defiantly on their own, lively and strong, in spite of the society as a whole, against them. Hawthorne’s use of the rosebush implies that there may be an indestructible human impulse that can survive in people despite social order and natural rights. Another romantic nature symbol is the forest, which symbolizes both safe and evil aspects. An instance of the forest being e vil... Free Essays on Scarlet Letter- Romanticism Free Essays on Scarlet Letter- Romanticism Romanticism is categorized as â€Å"a preference for simplicity and naturalness, a love of plain feelings and truth to common place reality, especially as found in natural scenes†. Nathaniel Hawthorne was an anti-transcendentalist and believed in the dark side of man, hence his dark romantic novel The Scarlet Letter. This allegorical novel depends heavily on symbol and character. The novel is chock full of symbolic dimension of images, characters, and descriptions. The Scarlet Letter defines the American Romanticist movement while using symbolic characters and places that give the book seemingly two different stories. The first story denotes the story going on in the book, including the characters. The other story has symbols that speak on morals, religious doctrine, and public mindset. Furthermore the novel can be defined as a romantic novel by analyzing the characters Hester, Pearl, and Dimmesdale for their overall purpose to the story and the symbolism. An important concept of romanticism includes a close connection to the earth and natural scenes. A large occurrence of this comes in the first chapter of the book. The chapter mentions a rose bush outside of the prison. The novel then goes on to outline the rosebush as a beautiful thing that rises out of a bad place. The rosebush symbolizes a beauty that can not be taken away, the human spirit, like that of Hawthorne himself and also of Hester. In addition the prison represents Puritan society, with all of its strict social and moral rules of conduct, and the rose bush symbolizes the individual, standing defiantly on their own, lively and strong, in spite of the society as a whole, against them. Hawthorne’s use of the rosebush implies that there may be an indestructible human impulse that can survive in people despite social order and natural rights. Another romantic nature symbol is the forest, which symbolizes both safe and evil aspects. An instance of the forest being e vil...

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Public Sector has been hit by the economic downturn and have opted to Dissertation

Public Sector has been hit by the economic downturn and have opted to recruit fixed term or temporary posts rather than recruiti - Dissertation Example Temporary employment is becoming common in Europe and the UK also but its impact on firm performance and productivity has not been studied extensively, state Camerman, Cropanzano, and Vandenberghe. The cost to a company does not merely include the wages and the employee benefits. It should also include the recruitment and selection costs, the costs of training and development, and more importantly the employee contribution towards organizational performance. While it is difficult to measure individual employee contribution towards organizational performance, employee commitment and motivation would, to some extent, impact productivity. The increased use of temporary workers by the public sector has given rise to concerns of employee commitment and consequently the indirect costs associated with temporary or fixed-term workers. 1.2 Rationale for research The public sector employers have a positive outlook on temporary workers, the motivation being that it gives them access to specific skill sets (Woods, 2010). Forty four percent of the public sector employers even site this as essential to the success of their organization. A flexible workforce is essential to allow the businesses to grow. The public sector needs a major transformation and this demands a team of talented professionals to manage change. Skills are required in diverse sectors such as project management, budgetary control, procurement, HR outsourcing and transformation. Flexible workforce appears to be the key to a successful organization. Labour market regulation affects labour productivity growth through its impact on worker motivation and effort. If the wages are below the fair wage perception of the workers, the efforts of employees would be reduced. The higher the wage, the higher will be the effort put in by the employees due to higher cost of job loss (Storm & Naastepad, 2007). A study of 20 OECD countries suggests that regulated labour markets promote long-run labour productivity growth bot h in case of temporary and full-time workers. Regulation raises worker commitment and motivation. Several public sector organizations such as Caerphilly County Borough Council, Cardiff Council, RCT, Torfaen and Merthyr Councils have been employing temporary workers. However, not much of research is available on employee motivation among temporary workers in public sector organizations. It is hence difficult to ascertain to what extent these employees provide competitive advantage. Hence, with the aim to ascertain the strategic decision that public sector organizations should take in staffing and human resources, the research questions for the study are: Are employee commitment and motivation among temporary workers directly related to productivity? To what extent employee motivation and commitment of directly employed temporary workers in public sector organizations differ against the permanent workers? Is it more economical to hire temporary workers against permanent employees taki ng into account the benefits that have to be given to permanent workers in such organizations? 1.3 Definition of terms Temporary workers Temporary workers are employees who are not permanently hired but hired just for limited periods of time (Entrepreneur Media, 2011). They work for a specific purpose for a specified period of time. Motivation Motivation according to Hardre (2003) is an internal process that controls and regulates behavior. It has been defined as a